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Lesson 4 - Colour and Highlights
Added on: Sat Jan 06 2001
Page: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 

I used the pencil to draw the eyelashes. Color was a very dark brown and a dark green. If you want to do lashes with make-up notice that they are not always black, but tinted to a very dark color. A color that goes with the rest of the make-up I guess... Purple, black, green and blue are common colors, but I'm no expert at that area :-)
I used the dodge to add a specularity to the wet parts in the eye.

Left: Eyelashes
Right: Specular highlights added to the skin and to the lower eyeball parts

I used the Airbrush to add a specular reflection of a bright object in front and above the eye. There is almost always a specular highlight in the eye, even in very dark environments. This is because our eyes always are wet.

The highlight is generally white but the edges/falloff of the highlight is colored in accordance to the color of the light source. Often you can see a shaped highlight in the eyes. This is called a specular reflection and occurs when the light source is big and close to the eye.

In the painting below I have painted the reflection of a window. Photographers often use big translucent screens in front of their lights (usually a screen of cloth or plastic). This is called a softbox, and is used to create a large light that cast no or very soft shadows - an arealight in other words. The sun, or any 'point light' (no such thing really) will form a 'normal' circular highlight in the eye.

The reflection itself isn't hard to paint. I used the Airbrush at 100 % opacity and painted a square with a white color with a blue tint. Since the eyeball is round the reflected square is distorted accordingly. I also added the 'reflection' of some of the eyelashes. This is also done with a hard airbrush, simply painting dark strokes to the square.

The finished painting (click for a close-up).

Compare the eye painting with the highlight in the eye to the one without, and you'll see the highlight adds soo much to the image. The highlight helps illustrating both the round form of the eyeball and its wet surface

That's it really, you're done! There is always some more things to fix, knowing when to stop is a part of the game. The area above the upper eyelid is really unfinished, work some more on it if you want.
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